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Hybrid, Blended Learning, ... What is that?

If present forms of participation are combined with online participation, the implementation of courses can be varied on different levels. Depending on the variation, there are different advantages and disadvantages, e.g. in terms of time or spatial flexibility.

Therefore, a primary goal must be defined at the beginning. This is because the individual target dimensions can only be agreed to a limited extent.

Which goal has priority?

  • Should participation only be generated at a later point in time for individual students who are temporarily unable to attend? Then recording is the appropriate means.
  • Should primarily all students be given the opportunity of present interaction, even though the room size is not large enough to meet the hygiene requirements? Then a division into cohorts that participate in the course at different times on site makes sense.
  • Should spatial flexibility be created as a priority? Then a livestream offers the possibility that people on site and online participate simultaneously.


This results in different forms of organisation. These differ in place and medium as well as the time of participation:

  • Lecture recording: some of the students access a recording at a later time.
  • Blended learning: at any given time, everyone participates through the same medium.
  • Hybrid: All participants are present at the same time, but participate via different media.
  • Present splitting: the participation is divided into groups and takes place one after the other.
  • mixed forms: Alternation of the forms in different rhythms.


From a didactic perspective, these forms of organization can be used in a variety of ways, e.g:

Flipped Classroom with reduced attendance time:

Content is taught primarily solely online and the attendance time is divided up into groups of any size for an exercise with individual support. The online part can consist of live streaming appointments or the provision of materials via ILIAS.

Blended learning scenario:

Strong reduction of attendance time, so that larger rooms can be used by several courses in different periods of time, in order to enable individual attendance appointments with all students. As a rule, the present appointments would be spread over the semester.

Mixed scenario with small groups:

First hybrid content teaching or purely online in the entire group, after which attendance appointments are held in small groups in rotation. In this way, the requirements of different phases of the course can be better accommodated.

Also to be noted:

A direct change between online and present lectures on one day is hardly practicable for students.